There are about 400,000 known Jews in Britain, and in addition some thousands or, at most, scores of thousands of Jewish refugees who have entered the country from 1934 onwards. Continue reading
The Triple Package by Amy Chua
In his review of The Triple Package by Amy Chua, Richard Kim gives us a witty and engaging look at yet another shocker from the famous (notorious?) husband and wife team of Chua and Rubenfeld. She and husband Jed Rubenfeld are back again with another book about success in today’s socioeconomically Darwinian America. Continue reading
Who is Kevin MacDonald?
What do his theories and books mean to people of color and Jews in America?
Extremism depends on brains before the use of brawn is even a consideration. We are very much creatures of ideas. The street violence that accompanies right wing racism is the effect of a deeper cause – i.e. Von Clausewitz‘ “war that is politics by other means.” Continue reading
On Pogroms…massacres of Jews in Tsarist Russia
“Pogrom is a Russian word meaning “to wreak havoc, to demolish violently.” Historically, the term refers to violent attacks by local non-Jewish populations on Jews in the Russian Empire and in other countries. The first such incident to be labeled a pogrom is believed to be anti-Jewish rioting in Odessa in 1821. As a descriptive term, “pogrom” came into common usage with extensive anti-Jewish riots that swept Ukraine and southern Russia in 1881-1884, following the assassination of Tsar Alexander II. In Germany and eastern Europe during the era of the Holocaust, as in Tsarist Russia, economic, social, and political resentment of Jews reinforced traditional religious antisemitism. This served as a pretext for pogroms.”
– Holocaust Encyclopedia at www.ushmm.org
Political resentment of Jews reinforced traditional religious antisemitism.
In general usage, a pogrom is an outbreak of mass violence directed against a minority religious, ethnic or social group; it usually implies central instigation and control, or at minimum the passivity of local authorities. The term came into widespread usage after the riots of 1881 and 1882 in the Russian Empire. While the standard Russian bureaucratic term for mass unrest was “disorders” (besporiadki), the occasional use of the word pogrom to describe the events of 1881 and 1882 popularised the term in the West.
The Oxford English Dictionary records its first use in the Times of London on 17 March 1882 (“That the ‘Pogromen’ [riots against the Jews] must be stopped . . .”), defining the word as “an organized massacre in Russia for the destruction or annihilation of any body or class: orig. and esp. applied to those directed against the Jews.” In Soviet historio-graphy, the word was applied to violence carried out by reactionary groups against opponents of the tsarist regime, and it thereby gained a political but lost a specifically “Jewish” connotation. In contemporary Russian, pogrom is used for violence directed against any ethnic group.