Professor Sheila Fitzpatrick on Russia 1917 and Russia 2017

Lenin

One of the most famous history books of the last few hundred years is called “Ten Days that Shook the World.” It was written by the  journalist – and full-fledged supporter of Lenin’s social experiment to end all social experiments -John Reed, Reed’s support, especially as it was shown in the aforementioned book, was considered to be so helpful by the Bolshevik inner circle that he – John Reed, an American Harvard alumnus from Portland, Oregon – was actually buried in the Kremlin along with Vladimir Lenin.

We call it the Russian Revolution but in fact it had an international importance was truly international; international and important enough to have had a formidable impact on world affairs ever since. It’s international character was apparent as soon as it unfolded, as sympathizers and active supporters from all over the world saw this grand historical event as the crucial moment of world history. For after all, this disowning of the Western status quo and attempt to set the standards for a new, improved was a dream come true for thousands of non-Russians like John Reed, many of whom flocked to Russia to see it (and in some cases even die for it) for themselves.

Almost as soon as the Bolshevik Party succeeded in defeating the various  counter-revolutionary armies – and thereby convincing the Western powers that it was not worth their while to make further attempts to overthrow the communist regime and return Russia to its former state – they were faced with the task of governing the country they had just won for the cause of state socialism.

 

The counterrevolutionary period had been hellish for Russia. Millions died – not just on the battlefield but from the typhus epidemic and famine that came in its wake. This period gave way to a short-lived period of peace; a period of rebuilding during which Lenin inaugurated a policy – the “New Economic Policy” – that combined socialism and private commerce. This socioeconomic hybrid, an experiment within an experiment, gave Russians and the other peoples of the Soviet Union the right to start a small business and make (and keep)  modest profits for themselves.

Unfortunately the “New Economic Policy,” didn’t survive Lenin’s untimely death at the age of 53. By the time Josef Stalin had completed his successful campaign for the leadership of the Politburo (the main governing body of the Soviet Union), things had taken a very different turn.

After banishing Leon Trotsky, his main competitor for the leadership position, Stalin enacted a grandiose plan to rebuild Russia’s war-, revolution- and civil war-torn economy in order to achieve economic parity with the West within a very short period of time. Like Peter the Great, who also embarked on a colossal building project (the creation of St.Petersburg), Stalin succeeded at the cost of death and disease on a grand scale. The difference was that while thousands died under the harsh direction of the 18th century Tsar, tens of millions died during the 30-year long reign of the Soviet dictator.

As the title of this article suggests, the question now is how do present-day Russians see their revolution – an event that transformed not only their reality but the whole world’s – one hundred years later.

How the Russian Revolution is seen in Russia and the West; a look back at a world-shaking event with Professor Sheila Fitzpatrick – professor of modern Russian history at the University of Sydney.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Please like & share:

Buying Guide for Your Home Espresso Machine

espresso machine

Buying Guide for Your Home Espresso Machine

The following article was originally published on idrinkcoffee.com, an extremely informative and valuable website devoted to the coffee industry, For tutorials on coffee brewing and equipment selection -as well as many other coffee-related topics – visit this extremely helpful web site.

 Manual, Semi-Automatic and Super-Automatic espresso machines

Purchasing an espresso machine can be a substantial investment and requires some important decisions. IDC is committed to helping you make the right choice to meet your needs, lifestyle and budget. We are here to answer any questions you may have or to make suggestions if required. Please review our buying guide below for some general considerations to keep in mind when choosing an espresso machine.

First, we suggest that you read our article on the types of espresso machines; this will give you a better understanding of the general types of machines that will be discussed.

Manual espresso machines are top of the line

Are you a person who relishes detail? Someone who wants to be a part of espresso extraction process? Someone who appreciates the finer things in life and understands that art takes time and effort? Then a manual piston driven machine might be the choice for you.

Manual machines offer the operator the most control over the extraction process and are capable of producing the finest shots of espresso when operated by a skilled Barista. Manual machines are works of art in themselves, they are often made of polished steel, brass or copper; they stand perched decorating your counter top begging to be admired and discussed. Although not commonly used today IDC is respectful of the history of espresso and we do carry some manual machines for the romantics.

Semi-automatic espresso machines

The most common espresso machine is some form of semi-automatic. These machines are named such because they have an electric pump that creates the pressure required for a pull of espresso. Semi-automatic machines are also for people who also want more control over their coffee but like the convenience of not having to pull on a lever to create the water pressure. Whereas fully automatic machines take this one step further and also automate the extraction process.

Choose the right coffee grinder

Another very important consideration when purchasing a manual, semi or fully automatic machine is the grinder. Espresso requires finely ground coffee and a decent grinder is an important consideration. Coffee grinders are divided into two types. The first is blade grinders which have two or more blades that rapidly and repeatedly chop the coffee beans into a powder. The downside to blade grinders is inconsistency and heat transfer and the upside is that they are relatively inexpensive. The second type of coffee grinder is a burr grinder. A burr mill or burr grinder is a device to grind hard, small food products between two revolving abrasive surfaces separated by a distance usually set by the user. Burr mills do not heat the ground product by friction as much as blade grinders, and produce particles of a uniform size determined by the separation between the grinding surfaces. High end burr grinders are remarkably consistent in the grinds they produce and feature a wide array of settings from coarse to very fine.

iDrinkCoffee recommends grinding beans just prior to brewing to ensure maximum freshness.

Are you a person who is in a hurry? Someone who just wants great coffee in the morning and wants it fast and easy? Then a super-automatic is the machine for you. A super-automatic machine only requires you to fill the bean hopper and the water tank and then press a button to extract a shot of espresso. The machine will grind the beans, tamper the coffee, and pull the shot for you in a matter of seconds. Now, there are even some high end super-automatics that have a milk reservoir that can foam milk automatically and create cafe lattes, cappuccinos or cafe macchiatos with the press of a single button…

 

 

Please like & share:

Black Northerner Moves to Mississippi

cotton fields

A Black Northerner Moves to Mississippi and attempts to reconnect with his roots…
originally published as I’m a black man who moved to the Deep South. Here’s what it’s teaching me about race…by  Continue reading

Please like & share:

Bourgeois Fascists Are “Calling the Shots”

Hitler and Duke of WindsorBourgeois Fascists Are “Calling the Shots” and are occupying leadership positions in anti-democratic enclaves in the United States today. Today’s young American fascist spokesperson is typically clean-cut and college educated. Continue reading

Please like & share:

Your Need to Daydream

The MindDon’t ignore your need to daydream.
Daydreaming puts you in the best company!
Albert Einstein was 16 years old when he first flirted with the idea of special relativity. Continue reading

Please like & share:

Audley Moore on enslavement

Quote

“They took our boots, no less our straps,” anti-racist African-American campaigner “Queen Mother” Audley Moore

Please like & share:

“Seth Speaks” by Jane Roberts…the Book That Inaugurated the New Age

paranormal seth speaks “Seth Speaks” by Jane Roberts…the Book That Inaugurated the New Age

Jane Roberts’ Seth Speaks was a blockbuster of a book, written by a housewife without a literary reputation or academic credentials. See below for a fascinating video interview with the housewife whose work fascinated both mainstream psychologists and hippie mystics.Here are some quotes from it: Continue reading

Please like & share:

What is Reality Engineering?

Reality Engineering

What is reality engineering? “Cogito ergo sum”…”I think (or I reflect) therefore I am,” is a universally celebrated statement made by the 17th century French mathematician and philosopher Rene Descartes. The folks at allaboutphilosophy.org have this to say about the man who is credited with canonizing the philosophy of dualism: Continue reading

Please like & share:

Metacognition

 

metacognition

Metacognition is one of the latest buzz words in educational psychology, but what exactly is metacognition? The length and abstract nature of the word makes it sound intimidating, yet its not as daunting a concept as it might seem. Continue reading

Please like & share:

Erin French Interviews Millennial re Trump

 

Election 2016“I believe the movement is about keeping our countries wealth within its borders. I feel there are many parts of our country that are financially struggling because of manufacturing jobs moving to other countries.”…Erin French Interviews Millennial re Trump…March 2017 Continue reading

Please like & share: